West Garo Hills is the second most populous district in Meghalaya with its district headquarters – Tura being the second largest city in the state. Almost the ent
Meghalaya is one of the most beautiful states in India and attracts many thousand travelers every year from both outside the country and within.
Meghalaya is one of the “Seven Sister States” of India and is the home to the Khasis, Jaintias and Garos.
Tourist places in and around Meghalaya
Meghalaya Tourism takes you on a tour of a kaleidoscope of culture, people, nature and languages.
Meghalaya has many rivers, most of these are rainfed and seasonal. The important rivers in the Garo Hills Region are Daring, Sanda, Bandra, Bhogai, Dareng, Simsang, Nitai and the Bhupai. In the central and eastern sections of the plateau, the important rivers are Umkhri, Digaru, Umiam, Kynchiang, Mawpa, Umiam or Barapani, Myngot and Myntdu. In the southern Khasi Hills Region, these rivers have created deep gorges and several beautiful waterfalls.
People, Culture & Festivals :
Nature has blessed Meghalaya with abundant scenic beauty but above all with simple and hospitable people.
One of the unique features of the state is that a majority of the tribal population in Meghalaya follows a matrilineal system where lineage and inheritance are traced through women. The Khasi and Jaintia tribesmen follow the traditional matrilineal norm, wherein the "Khun Khadduh" (or the youngest daughter) inherits all the property and acts as the caretaker of aged parents and any unmarried siblings. In the Garo lineage system, the youngest daughter inherits the family property by default, unless another daughter is so named by the parents. She then becomes designated as 'nokna' meaning 'for the house or home'. If there are no daughters, a chosen daughter-in-law (bohari) or an adopted child (deragata) comes to stay in the house and inherit the property.
The tribes of Meghalaya celebrate various festivals with great pomp and show. Dance is at the very heart of Khasi life, rich in repertoire, performed often as a part of the "rites de passage" — the life-cycle of an individual in society or the annual passage of the seasons. Dances are performed at the level of individual villages, a group of villages and a conglomeration of Raids. Local or regional flavours and colours bring variations to the basic dance form, which is universal in Khasi folk culture.
Types of Khasi festivals includes Ka Shad Suk Mynsiem, Ka Pom-Blang Nongkrem, Ka-Shad Shyngwiang-Thangiap, Ka-Shad-Kynjoh Khaskain, Ka Bam Khana Shnong, Umsan Nongkharai, Shad Beh Sier.
Festivals of the Jaintia Hills, like others, contribute significantly to maintaining a balance between man, his culture and his natural environment or eco-system. At the same time it seeks to revive the spirit of cohesiveness and solidarity among the people. Festivals of Jaintias includes Behdienkhlam, Laho Dance, Sowing Ritual Cermony.
The main festivals of Garos are Den Bilsia, Wangala, Rongchu gala, Mi Amua, Mangona, Grengdik BaA, Jamang Sia, Ja Megapa, Sa Sat Ra Chaka, Ajeaor Ahaoea, Dore Rata Dance, Chambil Mesara, Do'KruSua, Saram Cha'A, A Se Mania or Tata.
Meghalaya has a unique cuisine of its own, different from other states in the north east of India. The staple food of the people is rice with spicy meat and fish preparations. The popular dishes are Jadoh, Ki Kpu, Tung-rymbai and pickled bamboo shoots. Kapa (cooked with special ingredient called karchi which is made up of filtered ash water) is a dish very popular with the Garos. Kapa can be of different kinds such as with various kind of meats, vegetables, etc.
The State enjoys a temperate climate and the maximum temperature in this region rarely goes beyond 28 degrees. The four seasons of Meghalaya are: Spring - March and April, Summer (Monsoon) - May to September, Autumn -October and November and Winter - December to February.
The Monsoon usually starts by the third week of May and continues right to the end of September and sometimes well into the middle of October. Maximum rainfall occurs over the southern slopes of the Khasi Hills, i.e over the Sohra and the Mawsynram platform, which receives the heaviest rainfall in the world. The average rainfall in the State is 12,000 mm.
The best time to visit Meghalaya is during the months of March to July.
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