Sibsagar, also known as Sivasagar literally translates to the ‘the ocean of Lord Shiva’. Sibsagar is the district headquarters of the same name and is 360 kilometres from the state capital Guwahati. It is a historical town as it was the capital of the Ahom kingdom for about 100 years. There is a 129-acre artificial tank called the sibsagar Tank around which the town is built. The presence of historical monuments belonging to the Ahom times is considered the pride of the town. Today Sibsagar has grown from being merely a historical town and with oil and tea gardens surrounding it, there is a lot to explore in this Upper Assam tourist destination.
The Ahoms ruled the Assam region for over 600 years until they were completely wiped out by the Burmese in the year 1817. The kingdom was later annexed to the British. Sibsagar was divided into three sub-divisions by the British for administrative purpose.
Having been the Ahom capital for a long time, many things in Sibsagar are reminiscent of the great rulers. The astounding Sibsagar Tank is the most significant attraction of the town. Built more than 200 years back, this tank’s height is higher than the city’s height. There are three important temples around the tank namely, the Shivadol, the Vishnudol and the Devidol. All these temples were built by Queen Madambika in the year 1734.
There are several palaces that further enhance Sibsagar tourism. Talatal Ghar, Kareng Ghar and Gargaon Palace are some of the popular palaces in the town. While the Talatal Ghar is the ground floor of a seven-storeyed palace having two secret tunnels, the top floors are known as Kareng Ghar. While touring Sibsagar, one must check out the amphitheatre called Rang Ghar. The roof of Rang Ghar resembles an upside down boat.
Connectivity to Sibsagar is good with the roadways in very good condition. The nearest railway station is located 16 kilometres from the town at Simalguri. Though there are no airports in the town, the closest airhead is at Jorhat located just 55 kilometres from Sibsagar.
Sibsagar enjoys a semi-tropical climate suitable for Sibsagar tourism. Rainfall is quite intensive and it is very humid for quite a few months. The maximum temperature that is recorded in the town is about 30 degrees Celsius while the minimum temperature during the winters is about 7 degrees Celsius.