Tezpur is a beautiful city located on the northern banks of River Brahmaputra. It is the district headquarters of the Sonitpur district. Tezpur is widely known for its cultural superiority. It is not only a cultural hub but also an educational destination apart from having a rich history. The word Tezpur is derived from the Sanskrit words ‘tez’ meaning blood and ‘pura’ meaning town.
Geographically Tezpur has been blessed with the plains, the mountain views and a mighty river. Nature has been abundant here. While the Brahmaputra never fails to impress one and all, the Kolia Bhomora Bridge which is a 3015 meter long connecting the Sonitpur district to the Nagaon district is impressive in its own way. Tezpur tourism is further enhanced by Agnigarh, the most famous attraction of the city. From the top of Agnigarh, one can see the entire city.
Bhairabi Temple, Cole Park, Kolia Bhomora Setu, Padum Pukhuri etc which serve as inteersting attractions for tourists, there are a few temples dedicated to Lord Shiva as well which are worth seeing, like the Ketakeshwar Dewal, Mahabhairav Temple, Rudrapada, Nag Shankar Temple etc.
According to mythology, this place saw the romance between Prince Aniruddha, grandson of Krishna and Usha, the daughter of Banasura. However, when Banasura, the demon king came to know about their love, he imprisoned the young prince. Enraged, Lord Krishna attacked the area and fought a fierce battle. It is believed that there was so much blood-shed in the area that the place came to be known as the ‘city of blood’ – Tezpur.
Modern Tezpur however came to prominence in 1835 when the British made the town the headquarters of the Darrang district. Because of its strategic location and its proximity to Arunachal Pradesh, Tezpur has a large Army and Air Force presence. The Air Force base in Tezpur also has a Sukhoi base (India has only two such bases, the other one being at Pune).
Culturally, there are several names that are linked with Tezpur. Jyoti Prasad Agarwala, the first Assamese film-maker, Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha, the revolutionary singer and Phani Sharma, a renowned film-maker and actor were all born here. The city is also known as the cultural capital of Assam.
Tezpur has a small airport that has regular flights to Kolkata and Silchar. It also has a railway line that is only connected to Rangiya and Rangapara. However, the roadways are the lifeline of the city that connects it to all parts of Assam.
Tezpur generally receives high rainfall. It experiences scorching Summers and pleasant winters. During the temperature soars up to 36 degrees Celsius while during the winters, the temperature could drop to as low as about 7 degrees Celsius. The city sees heavy rainfall during the monsoons.