Churachandpur, originally & locally known as Lamka, town is the district headquarters of Churachandpur district in Manipur. "Due to its commercial origins, Churachandpur is the most multi-ethnic and cosmopolitan hill town in Manipur. During World War II, Churachandpur did not escape Japanese bombing; but it enjoyed about five decades of quiet and peaceful progress in the post-War period. Especially during the 1970s and '80s, Churachandpur was an "island of peace" which exerted a magnetic pull for many moneyed investors seeking good profit.
The district is inhabited by several tribes such as Paite, Tedim Chin, Thadou, Hmar, Mizo, Vaiphei, Gangte, Zou, Simte, Kom and other Chin-Kuki-Mizo- ZOMI ethnic peoples. Each tribe has a distinct social order as well as community laws. The system of hereditary chiefship as well as community ownership of village land is prevalent in the district. An overwhelming majority of the tribal population has converted to Christianity. Christianity has not materially changed the social order but was the critical faith in bringing to an end the head-hunting wars and savagery that characterized early tribal societies. Education rapidly spread through English medium schools. In the last 100 years the society has undergone radical change from the past. All tribal societies are patriarchal, but the women are not discriminated against. They play a significant role in agriculture and animal husbandry, besides being actively involved in weaving.
Khuga Dam is a multi- purpose project located to the south of Churachandpur town. The project, which will supply electricity and water, was started in 1983 and resumed in 2002 after being at a standstill for a period of time. Due to tardy progress and a fresh contract be fixed after observing the codal formalities. Other reasons for slow progress of the project are financial constraint (irregular fund flow), poor law & order situation in the State, ethnic clashes at the project site, etc. The head work has been completed and inaugurated on 12th November, 2010 with a partial irrigation of 1000 Ha.
The only hindrance to development is the insurgency and rampant corruption that has destabilize the whole region from poor infrastructure to poor planning by the officials. Photo Caption: Khuga Dam Project.